This is an amalgamation of two separate industries: food and drinks. Together, these make up one large food and beverage production industry. The first relates to the production of food, whilst the second relates to the international production of drinks. The food industry is said to include several components, notably farming, distribution, packaging, retailing, and also catering. Meanwhile, the beverage industry has a similar make-up but instead includes production rather than farming. Together, this industry forms an essential component that allows human life to be sustained all over the world. It is a truly international industry that involves the movement of foodstuffs between nations and continents. Cambodia, like many other countries, has its particular specialisations within the industry, focusing on producing what it has comparative advantage in.
In recent years, the Government of Cambodia has opened up the market, in turn increasing the quantity of foreign direct investment from the likes of Nestle and Coca-cola in the country. This has brought greater funds to the country, whilst also increasing jobs. Many food and drink brands are considered truly international; for example, the ‘Golden Arches’ of McDonalds are recognisable across the world. Accordingly, the consumption of many originally Western food and beverage products takes place in Asia and Africa today. Growing computer ownership is contributing to increasing globalisation as brands and products become recognised the world over. This, combined with the expanding world population, means that the provision food and beverage production vacancies in Cambodia are set to head in one direction: up.
As mentioned, the industry is made up of many multinational organisations including the likes of Pepsi and Burger King. These companies dominate the global food and beverage production jobs industry, meaning that the majority of jobs in the industry work either directly with, or closely related to these organisations.
What kind of categories do food and beverage production jobs relate to?
Aside from the obvious role of farming and production of agrifood, there are several predominant categories that relate to the industry. First, Quality Assurance plays an essential role in dictating the quality and acceptability for the food and drinks that we allow for human consumption. For example, the majority of the fruit and vegetables we seen in supermarkets follow strict guidelines in terms of colour and size. Since the industry is truly global, Logistics plays an incredibly important role in transporting, warehousing, importing, exporting and distributing food and drinks as and when demand dictates, as well as dealing with local producers. A number of food and drinks products also require direct production, for example, microwave-ready, processed food, illustrating the importance of the Manufacturing category in the industry. In the face of population increases, testing and product development is taking place into creating foodstuffs with different lifespans and genetically modified crops that can provide higher yields or are more resistant to adverse weather conditions. Accordingly, the Science and Technology plays an important research role. Less closely related are categories such as accounting and finance that also play an important role in providing the means for investment and cost management within the industry.
What is required to work in the industry?
The kind of skills required in the industry vary hugely. From entry level positions in farms and factory work, to senior logistics and forecasting positions, food and beverage production vacancies exist for a huge range of people, with highly varied skill sets. In more senior roles, degrees are likely to be required.
Feeding the world is a huge task in the 21st Century, so if you want to help, food and beverage production jobs in Cambodia could be just the thing for you.